Gastritis is the main name used for any condition that involves inflammation of the stomach lining. Gastritis can be either acute (happens all of a sudden) or chronic (happens over time). There are different types of gastritis that are caused by different factors.
For most people, gastritis is minor and will go away quickly after treatment. There are some forms of gastritis that can produce ulcers or cause a higher risk for cancer.
Your diet is important for your digestive and overall health. What you put in your stomach can make a difference in the health of your digestive system. For instance, some forms of gastritis are caused by drinking alcohol too often or too much at one time. Avoiding some foods and beverages and eating others can help manage the condition.
What to eat on a gastritis diet
There are some foods that may help manage your gastritis and lessen the symptoms. These include:
• high-fiber foods such as apples, oatmeal, broccoli, carrots, and beans
• low-fat foods such as fish, chicken, and turkey breast
• foods with low acidity, or are more alkaline, like vegetables
• drinks that are not carbonated
• drinks without caffeine
• probiotics such as kombucha, yogurt, kimchi, and sauerkraut
Some studies show that probiotics may help with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). H. pylori is bacteria that causes an infection in the digestive system which can lead to gastritis or stomach ulcers.
Foods to avoid on a gastritis diet
Foods that are high in fat may worsen inflammation in the lining of the stomach. Some other foods to avoid because they can irritate the stomach are:
• acidic foods like tomatoes and some fruits
• fruit juice
• fatty foods
• fried foods
• carbonated drinks
• spicy foods
• allergenic or symptomatic foods